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The District of Columbia Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC)

The District of Columbia Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) is a refundable tax credit designed especially for low- and moderate-income workers. Because the EITC is a refundable credit, a person who qualifies for this credit may receive a refund even if he or she does not owe any taxes for the year.

1800 Martin Luther King Jr. Avenue, SE

1800 Martin Luther King Jr. Avenue, SE
1800 Martin Luther King Jr. Avenue, SE, Washington, DC, 20020


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Who is eligible for the DC EITC?

If a District taxpayer was allowed the EITC on their federal return, the DC EITC can generally also be claimed on the DC return. The DC EITC credit is claimed by filing an individual income tax return (Form D-40).

You can claim the EIC if you are married filing separately, had a qualifying child who lived with you for more than half of 2022, and either of the following apply.

  • You lived apart from your spouse for the last 6 months of 2022, or
  • You are legally separated according to your state law under a written separation agreement, or a decree of separate maintenance and you didn't live in the same household as your spouse at the end of 2022.

If you have questions about whether you qualify for the EITC, the IRS has guidance available regarding who can claim the federal credit. In addition to offering a credit for those individuals who qualify for the federal EIC, DC also offers the EITC to certain filers that do not qualify for the federal credit. More information on these programs can be found in the "Resources" tab above.

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How will my EITC refund be issued?

Beginning in 2023, District law requires that EITC refunds be paid in monthly installments under certain circumstances. The first 40% of the EITC refund will be included in your refund from all non-EITC sources. If the remaining portion of the EITC refund is $600 or more, then that remaining portion will be paid monthly over an 11-month period. The 11-month payments will begin the month after you received the initial refund. This means that you may receive a part of your refund after you file your return, but the remaining refund may be sent to you separately, in monthly payments.